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Showing posts from April, 2019

Artificial Intelligence as a Techno-Cultural Tradition in International Law: Commonalities vis-à-vis IHRL


Cyber realms possess a remarkable settlement of infrastructure of a digital space that is posed towards unprecedented pursuance and access to the functionality of manned and unmanned entities. With the relevant ecosystem of AI realms at state, corporate and other private prerogatives existent in globalized developed and developing economies, there are certain receptivity and convergence dynamics that maintain the ML regimes of state and private actors. Not only they are a significant part of AI realms but they are quite contributory to the development, protection and relevance of various customary international human rights law regimes. With the escalation of such data intelligence-based governance systems in certain states with the systematic role of automata for defining, processing and utilizing the content related to the people concerned and their implications as observant in Turkey, Chin…

Breach of International Law by Transboundary Harm Triggered out of Hazardous Activities

Anmol Agarwal, Maharashtra National Law University[1]
International law strives on the basic roots of maintaining sovereignty, i.e., the most important and long maintained customary rule is on the idea of sovereignty which gets violated during transgression or in scenarios of transboundary harm. The hazardous activities performed by a country should have an ambit within which they affect the resources within one’s own territory and thus maintaining the sovereignty and by that means respecting the sovereignty of another country as well. In furtherance, it has violated the sole principle propounded by the ICJ in the trail smelter case. The obligation of the duty of the neighbouring country to comply with its rights also brings about certain obligations or the liability of the party who is violating the sole principle of sovereignty. The article thus attempts to highlight these effects by giving an overview into the liability arising out of it as well as the effects of the violation of int…

Analyzing Indo-Pak Relations Post-Pulwama Attack Using Game Theory

Chandrasekaran Mridul Bhardwaj  National Law University, Odisha. _________________________________________________________________________________
On 14th February 2019, when an Indian convoy comprising of Central Reserve Police were passing through the district of Pulwama[1] in Jammu & Kashmir, there was a suicide bombing in which a truck containing military-grade RDX explosives[2] rammed into the convoy thereby martyring more than 42 personals.[3] It was one of the biggest terrorist attacks that took place in the Indian soil and it was linked with Jaish-E-Mohammed, a group of Islamist militants, whom India believed to be backed by the Pakistani government in a conspiracy to challenge the Indian sovereignty.[4]

This created a tension between the India and Pakistan, which lead to them playing “the Chicken game”.The chicken game[5] is basically a game that is part of the game theory and is one of the most prominent examples of the usage of game theory and in finding the Nash equilibr…